Friday, March 03, 2017

US v. Vazquez-Hernandez, No. 15-10009 (3-3-17)(Sessions, D.J., w/Gould & Berzon). The 9th finds plain error in a jury instruction, and then enters a judgment of acquittal for attempted illegal entry.

The defendant makes a living washing car windows at the Mariposa POE in Nogales. He has had prior illegal entries, but for the past several years, morning, noon, and night, day after day, he plies his trade as the cars line up.  The configuration of the POE is such that Border Patrol allows such tradespeople, including those selling wares, to enter into a pre-inspection area, which is US territory.  As the 9th observes, there are hundreds of cameras and many armed agents.

Periodically, the Border Patrol sweeps the area, and clears out the people, who flee back to Mexico. In this particular sweep, he was nabbed.  In this instance, according to the vigilant Border Patrol, the defendant had been looking longingly to the US, seemed unusually attentive, and had appeared to want to reentry.   

Charged with attempted illegal reentry, the defendant argued that he was under "official restraint" when he came to the pre-inspection area.  He and others always fled back to Mexico.  The government therefore failed to show that he intended to remain in the United States.  The court's instruction did not contain this crucial element--the intent to remain-- important here given the facts, and the specific intent requirement of attempted illegal reentry together with official restraint.  The jury asked a question that displayed confusion on this very point.  The failure of the court thus to so instruct was plain error.

As for the judgment of acquittal, the defendant was nabbed in the pre-inspection area, where he was observed.  He previously fled back to Mexico when the sweeps came.  The government's evidence that the defendant intended to go northward, and remain in the US, was exceedingly weak.  The 9th concludes that no rational trier of fact could find the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.

Congrats to Henry Jacobs, CJA on the Az Tucson panel.  A very nice win!

The decision is here:
http://cdn.ca9.uscourts.gov/datastore/opinions/2017/03/03/15-10009.pdf

1 Comments:

Blogger pak alresky said...

ASS..WR.WB.SAYA pak alresky TKI BRUNAY DARUSALAM INGIN BERTERIMA KASIH BANYAK KEPADA EYANG WORO MANGGOLO,YANG SUDAH MEMBANTU ORANG TUA SAYA KARNA SELAMA INI ORANG TUA SAYA SEDANG TERLILIT HUTANG YANG BANYAK,BERKAT BANTUAN AKI SEKARAN ORANG TUA SAYA SUDAH BISA MELUNASI SEMUA HUTAN2NYA,DAN SAWAH YANG DULUNYA SEMPAT DI GADAIKAN SEKARAN ALHAMDULILLAH SUDAH BISA DI TEBUS KEMBALI,ITU SEMUA ATAS BANTUAN EYANG WORO MANGGOLO MEMBERIKAN ANGKA RITUALNYA KEPADA KAMI DAN TIDAK DI SANGKA SANGKA TERNYATA BERHASIL,BAGI ANDA YANG INGIN DIBANTU SAMA SEPERTI KAMI SILAHKAN HUBUNGI NO HP EYANG WORO MANGGOLO (0823-3744-3355) JANGAN ANDA RAGU ANGKA RITUAL EYANG WORO MANGGOLO SELALU TEPAT DAN TERBUKTI INI BUKAN REKAYASA SAYA SUDAH MEMBUKTIKAN NYA TERIMAH KASIH
NO HP EYANG WORO MANGGOLO (0823-3744-3355)
BUTUH ANGKA GHOIB HASIL RTUAL EYANG WORO MANGGOLO
angka;GHOIB: singapura

angka;GHOIB: hongkong

angka;GHOIB; malaysia

angka;GHOIB; toto magnum

angka”GHOIB; laos…

angka”GHOIB; macau

angka”GHOIB; sidney

angka”GHOIB: vietnam

angka”GHOIB: korea

angka”GHOIB: brunei

angka”GHOIB: china

angka”GHOIB: thailand

ANGKA TOGEL JITU 2D 3D 4D 5D 6D
0823-3744-3355
saya pak alresky posisi sekarang di malaysia
bekerja sebagai BURU BANGUNAN gaji tidak seberapa











































Saturday, March 04, 2017 6:01:00 PM  

Post a Comment

<< Home