Thursday, January 10, 2019


1.    US v. Martinez-Hernandez, No. 16-50423(1-9-19) (Hurwitz w/Rawlinson & Melloy).

This is an appeal from a 1326 conviction.  The issue is whether a prior conviction is an aggravated felony as a “crime of violence.” The 9th agrees that California Penal Code 211 robbery does not qualify as a COV. However, 211 robbery qualifies as a “generic theft offense” under 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(G) and thus is an aggravated felony under 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(2)(A)(iii). The 9th finds the California robbery statute indistinguishable from a Washington State statute that the 9th addressed in Alvarado-Pineda, 774 US F.3d 1198 (9th Cir. 2014), and found to be a categorical theft offense.

The decision is here:


 

2.     US v. Johnson, No. 17-10252 (1-9-19)(Wallace w/Rawlison & Watford; Watford concurs).

In an appeal that raises a slew of 4th amendment issues, the 9th affirms convictions and sentences. Under US v. Smith, 389 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004)(per curiam), the 9thallows a search incident to arrest before the actual arrest, so long as probable cause exists to make an arrest (even if for a different offense) and arrest follows quickly thereafter.  The 9th also found that a smell of marijuana, baggies, and the actions of the defendant formed probable cause for an arrest for marijuana transportation. The 9th allowed the search of the car under the automobile exception.  The subsequent search of the defendant’s home, under a warrant, was valid.

Watford grudgingly concurred.  Smith controls, but Watford would find that it is unsound.  He would adopt a more circumscribed approach, as the 7th Circuit did. The police can always argue for inevitable discovery for an arrest; but the doctrine should not place the search before the arrest.

Hard fought appeal by Robin Packel and Gabriela Bischof of the FPD Office, Cal N. (San Francisco).

The decision is here:


 

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Thursday, January 10, 2019 4:45:00 PM  

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