US v. Blackwell, No. 16-10287 (4-3-17)(Per Curiam: Leavy, Fletcher, & Owens). The 9th holds that Mandatory Victims Restitution Act of 1996 (MVRA) amended the Victim and Witness Protection Act (VWPA) so that any restitution ordered terminates 20 years from the entry of judgment or 20 years after the defendant's release from imprisonment. The MVRA amended the VWPA and did not affect substantive rights. The ex post facto clause does not apply.
The decision is here: