Monday, December 26, 2016

Case o' The Week: "Return to Sender" = Return for Trial: Yepiz and Right to Retained Counsel


Hon. John T. Noonan

 A bounced-back letter means a bounced-back case, when Ninth considers right to counsel of choice.
United States v. Yepiz, 2016 Westlaw 7367827 (9th Cir. Dec. 20, 2016, 2016), decision available here.

Players: Decision by Judge Noonan, joined by Judge Reinhardt. Partial dissent by Judge Nguyen.

Facts: Yepiz and his co-defendants went to trial on RICO charges. Id. at *1. Four months before trial, Yepiz wrote directly to the district judge and complained of difficulties he had with his retained counsel. Id. at *5. The court rejected the letter because local rules prohibit ex parte contact with the judge – but it didn’t explain why in the returned letter. Id. 
  Yepiz wrote another pair of letters asking for an in camera hearing to request appointed counsel. Id. The court ultimately held the hearing, but rejected the request for appointed counsel as “untimely” and on the “eve of trial.” Id. 
  Yepiz wrote a fourth letter with concerns about his counsel during trial. Id.   He appealed after being convicted at trial.

Issue(s): “Unlike most substitution cases that arise when an indigent defendant requests new court-appointed counsel in place of an existing appointed attorney, the present appeal concerns a defendant's request to replace retained counsel with appointed counsel.” Id. at *6 (internal quotations omitted). 
  “Yepiz claims the district court abused its discretion when it failed to inquire into his April letter seeking to replace [retained counsel] Estrada with court-appointed counsel.” Id.

Held: “We agree.” Id. “The right to counsel of choice includes the constitutional right to discharge retained counsel, and a defendant may generally do so for any reason or no reason so long as the substitution would [not] cause significant delay or inefficiency or run afoul of ... other considerations, such as the fair, efficient and orderly administration of justice. . . . [D]enial of a defendant's right to counsel of choice is a structural error, requiring that convictions be vacated even without a showing of prejudice. . . . Where a court allows a defendant to discharge his retained counsel and the defendant is financially qualified, the court must appoint new counsel for him under the Criminal Justice Act (CJA), at any stage of the proceedings. . . .” Id. at *6.
  We . . . find that the district court abused its discretion when it arbitrarily and without explanation rejected Yepiz's April 2006 letter. Given the defects in the district court's handling of Yepiz's requests, we VACATE Yepiz's conviction and REMAND for a new trial.” Id. at *8 (internal quotations and citations omitted).

Of Note: Structural errors are rarer than hen’s teeth. That standard – structural error – is the crux of Judge Nguyen’s dissent. Id. at *8 (Nguyen, J. dissenting in part). Judge Nguyen would employ a harmless error analysis by characterizing the appeal as alleging ineffective assistance of counsel, not choice of counsel. Id. In her view the case hinges on the status of the pro se letter Yepiz wrote to the court four months before trial (bounced, most likely, by a clerk). Id. at *8. 
  Judge Nguyen worries that “[t]he majority’s holding means that district courts can’t enforce local rules prohibiting represented parties from writing pro se letters to the judge.” Id. at *10. Whether or not that’s true, it is fair to say that Yepiz means that the scribbled letters of our pen pal clients are likely to get a much closer read from their judicial audience.

How to Use: Do we have an ethical obligation to transmit to the court a client’s request for new counsel? Of course, doing so is good form and is the “right” thing to do. But is it an ethical requirement
  Yep. 
  “Once Estrada learned that his client might want to discharge him, he had a duty to promptly discuss the issue with Yepiz and, if Yepiz indeed had that intent, to honor it. An attorney has an ethical obligation to seek substitution or withdrawal if his client wants the representation to end.” Id. at *9. The cases relied upon by Judge Nguyen don’t state that obligation quite as bluntly, but note well her rule: if a client wants to fire us, we let the court know.
                                               
For Further Reading: The Eleventh Circuit held this year that a client needn’t show “good cause” to dismiss his retained counsel. See decision here.  
  A case of interest, because the author of Jimenez-Antunez is a lead candidate for the vacant Supreme Court seat. See article here



Image of the Honorable Judge John T. Noonan from http://www.wabash.edu/images2/news/Noonan-morrillo-story-1.jpg

Steven Kalar, Federal Public Defender N.D. Cal FPD. Website at www.ndcalfpd.org

.

Labels: , , ,

2 Comments:

Blogger Master Sgp said...

Sebelum saya ceritrakan kisah hudupku terlebih dahulu .saya hanya ingin berbagi ceritah dengan kalian semua para penggilah togel, awalnya itu saya hanya kuli bagunan,punya anak dua,dan istri saya hanya penjual syayur keliling dikampung kami , ekonomi kami sangat pas-pasan, hutan tambah numpuk, anak saya juga butuh biaya sekolah,hidup ini bener-bener susah.Tapi akhirnya ada teman saya yang bilang bila mau merubah nasib Seperti Saya coba hubungi nomor hp AKI ALIH katanya dia bisa membantu orang yang lagi susah. jadi saya lansung hubungi dan saya menceritakan semuanya, tentang keluarga kami akhirnya saya di kasih angka ghaib [4d,] sudah 3x putaran tembus,dengan adanya AKI ALIH saya sekeluarga bersukur semua utang saya lunas bahkan sekarang saya sudah buka usaha. silahkan anda buktikan sendiri insya allah anda tidak akan kecewa dari angka ghaib AKI ALIH bagi yang berminat hubungi AKI ALIH di nomor ini: : (((_082 313 669 888_)))atau silahkan dan saya sudah buktikan sendiri angka ghaib hasil ritual dari beliau Ternyata Bener Terbukti Hasilnya terima kasih. Sebelum saya ceritrakan kisah hudupku terlebih dahulu. saya hanya ingin berbagi ceritah dengan kalian semua para penggilah togel, awalnya itu saya hanya kuli bagunan,punya anak dua,dan istri saya hanya penjual syayur keliling dikampung kami , ekonomi kami sangat pas-pasan, hutan tambah numpuk, anak saya juga butuh biaya sekolah,hidup ini bener-bener susah.Tapi akhirnya ada teman saya yang bilang bila mau merubah nasib Seperti Saya coba hubungi nomor hp AKI ALIH katanya dia bisa membantu orang yang lagi susah. jadi saya lansung hubungi dan saya menceritakan semuanya, tentang keluarga kami akhirnya saya di kasih angka ghaib [4d,] sudah 3x putaran tembus,dengan adanya AKI ALIH saya sekeluarga bersukur semua utang saya lunas bahkan sekarang saya sudah buka usaha. silahkan anda buktikan sendiri insya allah anda tidak akan kecewa dari angka ghaib AKI ALIH bagi yang berminat hubungi AKI ALIH di nomor ini: (((_082 313 669 888_)))>
KLIK DISINI

Friday, December 30, 2016 3:51:00 AM  
Blogger pak alresky said...

ASS..WR.WB.SAYA PAK ALERSKY TKI BRUNAY DARUSALAM INGIN BERTERIMA KASIH BANYAK KEPADA EYANG WORO MANGGOLO,YANG SUDAH MEMBANTU ORANG TUA SAYA KARNA SELAMA INI ORANG TUA SAYA SEDANG TERLILIT HUTANG YANG BANYAK,BERKAT BANTUAN AKI SEKARAN ORANG TUA SAYA SUDAH BISA MELUNASI SEMUA HUTAN2NYA,DAN SAWAH YANG DULUNYA SEMPAT DI GADAIKAN SEKARAN ALHAMDULILLAH SUDAH BISA DI TEBUS KEMBALI,ITU SEMUA ATAS BANTUAN EYANG WORO MANGGOLO MEMBERIKAN ANGKA RITUALNYA KEPADA KAMI DAN TIDAK DI SANGKA SANGKA TERNYATA BERHASIL,BAGI ANDA YANG INGIN DIBANTU SAMA SEPERTI KAMI SILAHKAN HUBUNGI NO HP EYANG WORO MANGGOLO (0823-9177-2208) JANGAN ANDA RAGU ANGKA RITUAL EYANG WORO MANGGOLO SELALU TEPAT DAN TERBUKTI INI BUKAN REKAYASA SAYA SUDAH MEMBUKTIKAN NYA TERIMAH KASIH


NO HP EYANG WORO MANGGOLO (0823-9177-2208)


BUTUH ANGKA GHOIB HASIL RTUAL EYANG WORO MANGGOLO
angka;GHOIB: singapura

angka;GHOIB: hongkong

angka;GHOIB; malaysia

angka;GHOIB; toto magnum

angka”GHOIB; laos…

angka”GHOIB; macau

angka”GHOIB; sidney

angka”GHOIB: vietnam

angka”GHOIB: korea

angka”GHOIB: brunei

angka”GHOIB: china

angka”GHOIB: thailand

ANGKA TOGEL JITU 2D 3D 4D 5D 6D
0823-9177-2208
saya pak alresky posisi sekarang di malaysia
bekerja sebagai BURU BANGUNAN gaji tidak

Friday, January 06, 2017 6:57:00 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home